]]>We present high-order, fully explicit projective integration schemes for nonlinear collisional kinetic equations such as the BGK and Boltzmann equation. The methods first take a few small (inner) steps with a simple, explicit method (such as direct forward Euler) to damp out the stiff components of the solution. Then, the time derivative is estimated and used in an (outer) Runge-Kutta method of arbitrary order. The procedure can be recursively repeated on a hierarchy of projective levels to construct telescopic projective integration methods. Based on the spectrum of the linearized collision operator, we deduce that the computational cost of the method is essentially independent of the stiffness of the problem: with an appropriate choice of inner step size, the time step restriction on the outer time step, as well as the number of inner time steps, is independent of the stiffness of the (collisional) source term. In some cases, the number of levels in the telescopic hierarchy depends logarithmically on the stiffness. We illustrate the method with numerical results in one and two spatial dimensions.

]]>Many applications involve partial differential equations which admits nontrivial steady state solutions. The design of schemes which are able to describe correctly these equilibrium states may be challenging for numerical methods, in particular for high order ones. In this paper, inspired by micro-macro decomposition methods for kinetic equations, we present a class of schemes which are capable to preserve the steady state solution and achieve high order accuracy for a class of time dependent partial differential equations including nonlinear diffusion equations and kinetic equations. Extension to systems of conservation laws with source terms are also discussed.

]]>In this paper we deal with the extension of the Fast Kinetic Scheme (FKS) [J. Comput. Phys., Vol. 255, 2013, pp 680-698] originally constructed for solving the BGK equation, to the more challenging case of the Boltzmann equation. The scheme combines a robust and fast method for treating the transport part based on an innovative Lagrangian technique supplemented with fast spectral schemes to treat the collisional operator by means of an operator splitting approach. This approach along with several implementation features related to the parallelization of the algorithm permits to construct an efficient simulation tool which is numerically tested against exact and reference solutions on classical problems arising in rarefied gas dynamic. We present results up to the 3D×3D case for unsteady flows for the Variable Hard Sphere model which may serve as benchmark for future comparisons between different numerical methods for solving the multidimensional Boltzmann equation. For this reason, we also provide for each problem studied details on the computational cost and memory consumption as well as comparisons with the BGK model or the limit model of compressible Euler equations.

]]>We investigate the behavior of granular gases in the limit of small Knudsen number, that is very frequent collisions. We deal with the strongly inelastic case, in one dimension of space and velocity. We are able to prove the convergence toward the pressureless Euler system. The proof relies on dispersive relations at the kinetic level, which leads to the so-called Oleinik property at the limit.

]]>Many applications involve partial differential equations which admits nontrivial steady state solutions. The design of schemes which are able to describe correctly these equilibrium states may be challenging for numerical methods, in particular for high order ones. In this paper, inspired by micro-macro decomposition methods for kinetic equations, we present a class of schemes which are capable to preserve the steady state solution and achieve high order accuracy for a class of time dependent partial differential equations including nonlinear diffusion equations and kinetic equations. Extension to systems of conservation laws with source terms are also discussed.

]]>The H-theorem, originally derived at the level of Boltzmann non-linear kinetic equation for a dilute gas undergoing elastic collisions, strongly constrains the velocity distribution of the gas to evolve irreversibly towards equilibrium. As such, the theorem could not be generalized to account for dissipative systems: the conservative nature of collisions is an essential ingredient in the standard derivation. For a dissipative gas of grains, we construct here a simple functional H related to the original H, that can be qualified as a Lyapunov functional. It is positive, and results backed by three independent simulation approaches (a deterministic spectral method, the stochastic Direct Simulation Monte Carlo technique, and Molecular Dynamics) indicate that it is also non-increasing. Both driven and unforced cases are investigated.